The High Peak constituency has 5 main settlements. Buxton in the south; the area around Glossop to the North West; New Mills in the West, Chapel-en-le-Frith and Whaley Bridge in the central part of the constituency, and the Hope Valley to the east.

Buxton is an ancient Spa town, having had settlements in the area from Roman times. With striking architecture, examples of which include the Pavilion Gardens, the Crescent, and the Railway Station's Fan Window; Natural wonders, such as Pooles Cavern; and cultural attractions, such as the 900 seat Buxton Opera House - the highest Opera House in the country - and the annual Buxton Festival, Buxton is a popular tourist destination, and a highlight of any trip to the Peak District.

The Glossopdale area includes the towns of Glossop and Hadfield, as well as Padfield, Tintwistle, Charlesworth, Chisworth and Gamesley. Glossop is a former mill town set in a natural valley, and like Buxton has also had Roman settlements in the area, with Melandra fort close to Gamesley. Glossop has a distinctive style of architecture, with imposing buildings such as the distinctive Victorian Market Hall in the town centre. The two remaining Mill buildings dominate either end of the town, providing a vivid reminder of it's industrial past, while the two parks provide a tranquil setting, with spectacular views of the surrounding countryside. Close by, Hadfield was the setting for the late 90's television programme 'The League of Gentlemen'.

Chapel-en-le-Frith was established as a hunting lodge by the Normans in the 12th century, leading to the french-derived name, meaning 'Chapel in the forest clearing'. Dubbed 'The Capital Of The Peak District', Chapel is the home of the brake-lining manufacturer Ferodo.

New Mills was first noted in 1391, when a corn mill was erected on the River Sett to take advantage of the fast flowing river. Industries around the town have included Coal Mining, Cotton, and Print-works, while the famous sweet manufacturer Swizzels Matlow now has it's factory in the town. New Mills has a community owned Hydoelectric scheme called Torrs Hydro, which generates 70kW of electricity, and also hosts the One World Festival every June. Nearby Hayfield is the main setting for the BBC drama series 'The Village'.

Whaley Bridge has possibly the oldest history, with evidence of prehistoric activity in the area, including burial sites, and Bronze Age standing stones. Like New Mills, Whaley Bridge has a strong history of Cotton Mills and Coal Mining in the area. Whaley also has an annual carnival week, culminating in the traditional Well Dressing.

The Hope Valley is centred on the village of Hope, and is a largely rural area of spectacular beauty, encompasing Bamford, Hope, Castleton, and Edale, along with other smaller settlements. The area is a popular one for tourists, being entirely within the Peak District National Park. Castleton is a major tourist destination, with Peveril Castle overlooking the town, and Edale is popular with hikers, with the Pennine Way beginning in the centre of the village. A system of caverns near Castleton is open to the public, including Treak Cliff Cavern and Blue John Cavern, the only places in the world where Blue John is mined.

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